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The History of the Civil War in Tajikistan

Iraj Bashiri


Editeur - Casa editrice

Academic Studies Press

Asia
Asia Centrale
Tajikistan


Anno - Date de Parution

2020

Pagine - Pages

336

Titolo originale

The History of the Civil War in Tajikistan (Central Asian Studies)

Lingua originale

Lingua - language - langue

eng

Edizione - Collana

Central Asian Studies


The History of the Civil War in Tajikistan  

In the 10th century, the Turks separated the Tajiks, a Central Asian community, from their Iranian kinfolk. The Tajiks adopted the Hanafi faith and, alongside ethnicity, made it a pillar of their identity.
Between 1920 and 1990, the Soviets tried to alter the Tajiks’ identity. While they could affect the Tajiks’ social status substantially (cf. Afghanistan), they failed in changing the Tajiks’ ideology. Instead, they became involved in a conflict that pitted Soviet Tajiks against radical Muslim Tajiks, the latter intentionally misidentified as Wahhabis by the Soviets.
The question was about the viability of enforcing the secular Soviet constitution versus the Islamic Shari’a. Inability to resolve the dispute led to civil war (1992). The volume traces the conflict from its roots in Bukhara to the establishment of an independent secular Tajik state (1997).